One of the best metaphors for describing a website is the world of books.
What is a Website? What is a Web Page?
A website is made up of a series of web pages. In this way a website can be thought of as a book, and a web page like the page of a book. You usually only read one page of a website at any one time (similar to how you read a book).
What is a Homepage?
A website also has a homepage which is like the front cover of a book.
Check out the BBC’s homepage here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/)
The BBC homepage is displayed below. The homepage is being displayed inside a browser called Chrome. This particular version of Chrome is running on a desktop computer (it will look smaller and a little different on a smartphone or tablet).
What is a Web Browser?
In order to view a website you need a tool called a web browser.
There are many different web browsers available to you. The most common are:
- Internet Explorer
Below is the top left part of the Chrome web browser:
There are some common components in this web browser that occur on most modern browsers. We explain each of these below:
Web Browser Components
There are two tabs in the example shown. The one on the left contains the BBC Homepage and the one on the right contains a web page from Amazon. The BBC Homepage is the currently displayed website as it appears to be nearer to us. The tab on the right appears behind our currently selected tab. If you clicked on the tab on the right then the Amazon website would be displayed in the web browser instead.
The arrow pointing to the left is known as the back button. The back button will take us to the last page we visited before the one currently displaying.
Try an example now. Look for the back button in your current browser. Then follow these steps. IMPORTANT: (Read ALL steps before performing step 1.)
- Click here to visit Google’s homepage
- Now click (or press) the Back Button on your web browser
- You should end up back on this web page
The arrow pointing to the right is the forward button. If we click (or press) the back button it takes us to the previous page visited. If we then click (or press) the forward button it will take us to the page before we pressed the back button. So it does the opposite of the back button.
Forward button example:
- Click (or press) the forward button (you should end up on Google’s homepage again)
- Click (or press) the back button
- You should end up back on this web page again
This looks like a circular arrow. Sometimes a web page doesn’t display correctly. In these cases it can be useful to click the reload button.
This looks like a house. If you click (or press) on it it will display a pre-chosen website. It is usually used to display the website you visit most. This might be a news website or it might be a search engine. Some people even set this as their email page.
The address bar contains the website address, in the example you can see www.bbc.co.uk. If you type a website address (also known as a URL) into the address bar and press enter then the web browser will display that new website.
What is a Link?
When you clicked (or pressed) on Click Here above, you were clicking on a link. A link takes you to another web page when you click or press on it. A link is often blue and underlined, but it can be any colour. Usually most text of an article is black or grey, and coloured text (sometimes underlined) are links. Links are useful as they help us navigate a website. They are also useful because you can email a friend a link, which means they can read the web page you want them to read.